A healthy citizen contributes to the making of a healthy nation. The Government of India has introduced various health programmes and policies to improve the Indian citizen's standard of living. These efforts have paid rich dividends by way of increase in the life expectancy of males and females (External website that opens in a new window) at birth to 62 and 64 years respectively. Also, the infant mortality rate (less than five death rate) has fallen to 53 per thousand births.
The issue of health comes under the purview of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare(External website that opens in a new window) and its 3 departments; the Department of Health(External website that opens in a new window), Department of Family Welfare(External website that opens in a new window) and the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy(External website that opens in a new window). As part of its drive to educate and encourage a healthy lifestyle, the ministry promotes a website called Healthy India(External website that opens in a new window).
The 'Citizen Health' section of our website offers information about the various health schemes launched by the government, resources on different aspects of health care as well as a list of hospitals and medical institutions in the country. Other than this, we also provide information about alternative systems of medicine, medical insurance, family welfare and rehabilitation.
India is one of the most populated countries in the world, second after China. With a workforce of more than 440 million, a huge pool of English-speaking graduates and a fast-growing economy, the need for employment opportunities has increased drastically. The Government is doing its best to bring about a better matching between the demand and the supply of work opportunities. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conduct competitive exams for recruitment to various services and posts. The Government has also set up a number of Employment Exchanges all over the country to facilitate recruitment of suitable candidates into its various sectors. This section also provides an overview of career opportunities in avenues like the armed forces.
Senior Citizen Corner
Senior Citizens are a treasure to our society. They have worked hard all these years for the development of the nation as well as the community. They possess a vast experience in different walks of life. The youth of today can gain from the experience of the senior citizens in taking the nation to greater heights. At this age of their life, they need to be taken care of and made to feel special. Indian Government provides several benefits through its schemes in various sectors of development.
With various tax benefits, travel and health care facilities provisioned for them, Indian Government has created reasons for Senior Citizens to feel happy. This corner on Senior Citizens is aimed at providing details on various aspects concerning them.
Agriculture is the means of livelihood for around two thirds of the work force of India. This makes it one of the most important sectors of the economy. At the time of independence, the revenue from the agricultural sector was quite low compared to what it is today. The main reason for the increase in revenue is the increase in agricultural production that was brought about by the Green Revolution.
The Green Revolution of the 70's was responsible for bringing additional area under cultivation, extending irrigation facilities, providing better quality seeds, improving techniques of farming and plant protection.
Over the years, agriculture has emerged as one of the top priorities of the Central and State Governments. Keeping this in mind, various schemes have been launched to improve farm productivity and the standard of living of millions of farmers who work to feed the nation.
In 2000, the government announced the first-ever National Agriculture Policy. The main aims of this policy are to:-
- Actualize the vast untapped growth potential of Indian agriculture
- Strengthen rural infrastructure to support faster agricultural development
- Promote value addition, accelerate the growth of agro business
- Create employment in rural areas
- Secure a fair standard of living for all agriculturalists
- Discourage migration to urban areas and face the challenges arising out of economic liberalization and globalisation.
In this section, we provide useful resources on topics such as soil, farm equipment, loans and packages of practice of different crops. Farmers and other citizens who wish to practice agriculture will find this section extremely valuable.
Employment in the government sector is an attractive option for job seekers. It remains the most popular choice in terms of job security, stability, perks and other benefits.
Government provides equal work opportunity to all individuals in varied professional fields like defence, medical, academics etc. To help job seekers make the right choice about their career, detailed information on competitive exams for various services and posts is available in this section of the National Portal of India. Employment related information and opportunities are also outlined here.
Various government employment agencies recruit manpower for the Union as well as State governments through a strict selection process, with the help of a number of examinations and interviews. Candidates have to clear relevant examinations held at various stages and at different times of the year. The eligibility criteria for the examinations also differ from each other. However, recruitments at lower levels are normally conducted at local levels.